Hair. It’s a lot more complex than you’d think, there are so many types, textures and methods of taking care of your hair, picking a shampoo and conditioner, dos and don’ts’. ARGH. It’s all a bit overwhelming, so our first bit of advice is…breathe.
We’ve put together a simple guide for you to follow which covers the different hair types, the products you should check out and some tips so you can use to say hello to better hair days.
Let’s waste no time and get straight into it.
Identifying your hair type
Whilst all hair is made to be beautiful, all hair is not the same. Your hair is based on your curl pattern, and the amount of curl is determined by your hair follicle. By following the hair-typing system, your hair falls into one of the 4 main groups of hair:
- Type 1 - Straight
- Type 2 - Wavy
- Type 3 - Curly
- Type 4 – Coily
These types are then further split out into 3 subcategories: a, b, and c. Now it’s time to identify your hair type with the guide by Daily Dose Me below for each of the different hair types you might fall into.
Type 1a: hair is straight with a soft, shiny, and wispy texture.
Type 1b: similar to Type 1a, but with a little more body.
Type 1c: generally straight hair with some added body and bend in the strands.
Type 2a: fine and thin hair with loose S-shaped waves. Easier to manage.
Type 2b: hair is medium in thickness with a more obvious S pattern, can get frizzy.
Type 2c: wavy S patterned hair with a coarse and thick texture, difficult to style.
Type 3a: loose curly hair with S shaped curls which lack volume and appear flat.
Type 3b: tight S curls/spirally hair with more volume.
Type 3c: tight spiral curls which are densely packed, prone to coiling and dryness.
Type 4a: tightly curled with an S shaped pattern when stretched out.
Type 4b: tight coils with a Z shaped pattern and a high level of shrinkage.
Type 4c: very tight, closed coils with a very high level of shrinkage and lowest definition.
Caring for your hair type
Now that you should be able to identify your hair type, you now need to know how to care for it. It’s a bit like skincare, once you’ve identified skin type (dry skin, oily skin, or combination skin), you adopt a skincare regime that keeps your skin clean and protects you against the type of skin you have. The same thing applies to hair, different hair types will be prone to different types of damage and conditions, i.e. dry, oily, frizzy, and more.
Type 1 Hair Properties
The relationship with your hair is love and hate. You’ve got beautiful silky hair that is soft to the touch, and it’s always frizz free, which makes it easy to manage. Your hair always has a natural glow to it thanks to the natural oils produced by your scalp, but like anything, too much of something isn’t always good. When these oils keep releasing, a build-up of oils is caused, which leaves your hair looking greasy and lacklustre.
With Type 1 Hair, you’re going to want to find the middle ground between keeping your hair moisturised, but not letting it look like it’s been smeared in oil. To achieve this, you’ll want to avoid shampooing your hair too often, this causes an excess of sebum to be produced, which gives the look of greasy hair.
Products for straight, greasy hair
Pick a shampoo that is made for oily to normal hair, we recommend Faith in Nature’s Grapefruit & Orange Shampoo. It has a 99% natural formula with no harsh chemicals such as sulphates or parabens. The shampoo is blended with grapefruit and orange essential oils, both of which are known to help with antibacterial activity and eliminating an oily scalp.
Follow this up with the Faith in Nature Grapefruit & Orange Conditioner which will leave your oily hair feeling fresh and smelling great with a refreshing aroma.
Hair masks are a great addition for your haircare regime if you have Type 1 Hair. Hair masks work by nourishing your hair and help with adding some definition to make Type 1 hair easier to style. A good quality hair mask will be one that is hydrating and moisturising like Garnier’s Ultimate Blends Hair Food Watermelon 3-in-1 Mask. It’s specifically formulated for fine hair to give a boosted look with a plumped-up feel. It’s a 3-in-1, so it can be used as a conditioner, a rinse out hair mask or a leave-in conditioner.
Type 2 Hair Properties
If there was just one word used to describe Type 2 Hair, it would be frizz. Your hair is difficult to manage, and all you ever seem to do be doing is fighting your frizz, talk about reoccurring bad hair days. Your hair is unique, it needs special care and attention so it’s time to fix up your regime and get the most out of your waves.
Your hair is in middle of being somewhat straight and curly, and you may find that weather conditions impact your hair. The summer humidity causes your hair to be curlier, whilst the dry winter air makes your hair a bit flatter.
Because Type 2 Hair is naturally frizzy, our first bit of advice and probably most crucial is skip the towel drying. By rummaging a towel through your wet hair, you’re damaging those gorgeous waves, eek. Instead, wring your hair in the shower and let it drip dry, this will let your hair dry naturally with no damage caused through friction or heat from a hairdryer. If you really have to dry your hair immediately, use a bamboo hair towel which is much better for your hair.
Products for wavy, frizzy hair
If you’ve caused damage to your hair by towel-drying, we’re here to save the day. It’s recommended that you dab your hair dry with an old T-shirt, then gentle squeeze out the water so your hair isn’t dripping wet. Try out Pantene’s Pro-V Repair & Protect Shampoo which is designed to help restore the strength and shine in your luscious locks.
For a 3-in-1 solution, after you’ve washed your hair, it’s time to nourish it. Get some Garnier Ultimate Blends Hair Food Coconut into your haircare regime, it’s been specifically made to fight the unruly and frizzy bad hair days. You can use it either as a conditioner, as a rinse-out hair mask or as a leave-in conditioner. The blend of coconut oil and macadamia will form a melting texture that instantly absorbs into your hair without weighing it down and will release all that frizzy texture.
Type 3 Hair Properties
Curly hair, some days you love it, some days you hate it. Your hair is full of volume and it’s super versatile. But when your curls get out of hand, it gets messy and hard to work with. Curly hair comes with the challenges of breakage, frizz, and dryness. On top of this, the oils produced by your scalp have a harder time coating your curls which leaving your hair thirsty for moisture So, let’s tame that hair and get those curls looking healthier and springier.
With curly hair, you want avoid excessive shampooing, why you ask? Well curly hair is more prone to dryness, and when you shampoo your hair too much, your hair can lose its natural moisture. That’s exactly what you don’t want to do, so cut back on the shampooing.
Instead, implement a pre-shampoo treatment. Doing this will help you remove the frizz and remove any tangles before you wash your hair. All you need is an oil that has moisturising benefits, something like coconut oil or olive oil. Apply this to your hair for 20 minutes, let it sit then wash it out when you shampoo your hair.
Our final tip for curly hair is one that you may not be used to, but you should be washing your hair in cold water. Reasoning being, hot water removes the natural oils produced by your scalp, in turn this will give you extra frizz and make your hair more prone to breakages.
Products for curly, dry hair
Now for some products that we recommend to fix up your hair regime. We’d go with the Love Beauty & Planet Coconut Water & Mimosa Flower Shampoo and Love Beauty & Planet Coconut Water & Mimosa Flower Conditioner. They’re an all-natural haircare solution for hair that is prone to dryness, formulated with organic coconut oil, organic coconut water and mimosa flowers. You’ll be left with hair that is full of vitality, hydration, and bounce, along with a beautiful smell that’ll remind you of a tropical paradise.
The 3-in-1 hair mask we recommend by Garnier is the Ultimate Blends Hair Food Banana 3-in-1 Mask, the blend of banana and shea has been formulated for dry hair which is perfect to tame those curls. You can use it as you would a conditioner, as a leave in-conditioner or you could use it as a rinse-out hair mask, which would be ideal as a pre-shampoo as mentioned before.
Type 4 Hair Properties
Type 4 hair is probably the thirstiest out of the 4 different types, it screams for moisturise. If you’ve got Type 4 Hair, you’ll need to give it some extra TLC due to how fragile the hair can be, but that doesn’t mean your hair can’t be strong and healthy. You just need to handle your hair a little more delicately than most, and this will help to keep the hair health, voluminous and strong.
The kinks and coils in Type 4 Hair form an afro texture which can cause your hair to tangle, so you need to follow some tips to make sure your hair isn’t suffering from its fragile state. The first thing to note is that you need shampoo infrequently – yep, you read that right. Experts at SilkUp recommend shampooing your hair no more than once a week, but at least once every 2-3 weeks. When hair is wet, it’s in its most fragile condition, so be really careful when dealing with your hair – no matter what you do, do not brush your hair when it’s wet. Period.
As we said, your hair screams for moisture, so when you are washing your hair use plenty of conditioner. This will help with detangling but be gentle as you work the conditioner in because your hair will be fragile. To help remove tangles, you can very gently use a wide-toothed comb whilst the conditioner is in, this will help to spread the conditioner around your hair evenly.
The next tip isn’t something you can do yourself, but certainly one worth implementing. Leah Taylor at Daily Dose recommends regular haircuts for type 4 hair, every 4 to 6 months. This will allow for essential maintenance and allow you to manage your hair a lot better. Letting your hair grow out too long between haircuts leads to split ends, these travel up the hair shaft and cause the hairs to break off.
Products for coily, fragile hair
For Type 4 Hair, you’ll need a shampoo and conditioner which will be hydrating and moisturising. We therefore recommend Faith in Nature Coconut Shampoo; this is all natural and formulated with organic coconut oil which will nourish your Type 4 Hair. As well as this, Faith in Nature products do contain any sulphates, parabens or any other harsh ingredients that contribute to drying out hair. Then your best friend, the Faith in Nature Coconut Conditioner can be lathered in your hair for deeper conditioning which will hydrate your hair right down to the roots.
We suggest you also get your hands on Faith in Nature’s Shea & Argan Nourishing Hair Mask. It’s been developed specifically for dry hair and is ideal for curly/afro hair. It contains argan oil and nourish shea butter, which are known for their rejuvenating properties. This hair treatment is bound to nourish your hair whilst leaving it defined and naturally smooth.
Haircare Wrap Up
By now, you should have successfully identified your hair type, understood the properties of your hair and taken on board some tips that will help you improve your current haircare regime. We know it’s a lot to take on and implement, but it’s essential that you’re caring for your hair the right way because all hair is made different.